Certification

Substitute Teaching

In New York State, no certificate is offered specifically for substitute teaching. Employment as a substitute teacher is governed by the following rules:

  • Hold a New York State certificate:
    A substitute teacher may be employed in any capacity for any length of time, in any number of school districts. However, if employed on a long-term basis (more than 40 days in one school district in any given school year), the substitute teacher must hold the proper certificate for the position or be working toward certification in that specific field or area.

  • Do NOT hold a New York State certificate, but are working toward it:
    Working toward certification means completing collegiate study at the rate of not less than six semester hours per year.

    A substitute teacher may be employed in any capacity for any length of time, in any number of school districts. However, if employed on a long-term basis (more than 40 days in one school district in any given school year), the substitute teacher must be employed to teach in the subject or area for which certification is being sought.

  • Do NOT hold a New York State certificate and are NOT working toward it:
    A substitute teacher may be employed in any capacity in any number of school districts, but are limited to 40 days in a given school district in a school year.

A substitute teacher may be employed for up to an additional 50 days (90 days total in a school year) In extreme circumstances where there is an urgent need for a substitute teacher and the district has undertaken a good faith recruitment search for a properly certified candidate, and determined that there are no available certified teachers to perform the duties of such position.

A substitute teacher may be employed beyond the 90 days, if a district superintendent or superintendent attests that a good faith recruitment search has been conducted and that there are still no available certified teachers who can perform the duties of such position and that a particular substitute teacher is needed to work with a specific class or group of students until the end of the school year.

Local Requirements

A school district may impose additional local requirements on individuals they employ as substitute teachers.

Information Specific to New York City

The New York City Board of Education requires that substitute teachers hold a substitute license.

More Information

Go to Commissioner’s Regulations Section 80-5.4 Substitute teachers external link

Last Updated: February 13, 2018