Teaching in NY

Long Island Region

The Long Island Region, located at the southern tip of New York State just east of New York City, stretches about 120 miles east surrounded by the Long Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. The region's topography is relatively flat, while its labyrinthine coast provides more than 1,100 miles of shoreline.

Mean Daily Temperature:
  January 31.1° F
  July 73.2° F


Labor Force: 1,474,000
Households: 916,686
Total Personal Income: $115.6 billion
Per Capita Income: $41,558
Median Home Sales Price: (Region) $173,960


Population 2,782,600
Nassau County 1,339,301
  Glen Cove City 26,886
  Hempstead 759,919
  Long Beach City 35,593
  North Hempstead 223,199
  Oyster Bay 299,295
Suffolk County 1,443,299
  Babylon 215,723
  Brookhaven 463,425
  Huntington 198,430
  East Hampton 20,734
  Islip 329,675
  Riverhead 30,736
  Shelter Island 2,349
  Smithtown 118,375
  Southampton 57,144
  Southold 21,270

Business and Industry
While a significant number of Long Island residents commute to New York City for employment, the region itself supports more than one million jobs.

The services sector, especially business and financial services, is by far the largest industry on Long Island, accounting for more than one third of all private sector, non-farm jobs. Although Long Island's manufacturing base is heavily oriented toward high-technology companies, the area's economy is diversified. Fortune 500 industries making their home in the region include Northrop-Grumman and Pall Corp.


  • Highways: Numerous limited-access highways criss-cross Long Island, providing many alternate routes to New York City and distant points. Passenger ferry service connects Long Island with New England.

  • Air Service: MacArthur and Republic airports provide air service, while nearby Kennedy, LaGuardia and Newark airports are easily accessible.

  • Rail Service: The Long Island Rail Road provides passenger service throughout the region and to New York City, where nationwide connections can be made.

  • Bus Service: Numerous public and private entities operate extensive bus service throughout Long Island, to New York City, and long distance.


Higher Education Institutions
More than 129,000 students are enrolled in Long Island's two- and four-year institutions of higher education. Major college and universities are listed below. Teacher education institutions appear with an asterisk.

Adelphi University*
Dowling College*
Hofstra University*
Long Island University*
Molloy College*
New York Institute of Technology
St. Joseph's College*
SUNY at Stony Brook*
SUNY College at Old Westbury*
SUNY College of Technology at Farmingdale

Health Care-major hospitals
North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System
Catholic Health Services of Long Island
Winthrop South Nassau Health System
Nassau County Medical Center
University Hospital and Medical Center at Stony Brook

Quality of Life
A wealth of cultural and recreational opportunities is available in the region and in nearby New York City. The world-famous Hamptons, Jones Beach and Fire Island are popular summer resorts, while water sports attract residents and visitors to the Atlantic Ocean beaches and the Long Island Sound. Golf, horse racing, professional sports and live entertainment are readily available. Historic sites, whaling museums, quaint villages, art galleries, theaters and amusement centers round out Long Island's incredible variety of diversions.

Information obtained from numerous New York State sources (1/24/2007).

Last Updated: August 31, 2009